city, capital of Limpopo province, South Africa. It is located about midway between Pretoria and the Zimbabwe border, at an elevation of 4,199 feet (1,280 metres). It was founded by Voortrekkers (Afrikaans: "Pioneers") in 1886 on land purchased in 1884 from a local farmer and named Pietersburg in honour of Petrus (Piet) Joubert, a Boer general. It was the temporary capital in 1900 of both the Transvaal and the Orange Free State during the South African War (1899-1902), and the British occupied Pietersburg in 1901. In 2002 the city's name was changed to Polokwane (Sotho: "Place of Safety").
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