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polymerase

[pol-uh-muh-reys, -reyz] /ˈpɒl ə məˌreɪs, -ˌreɪz/
noun, Biochemistry
1.
any of several enzymes that catalyze the formation of a long-chain molecule by linking smaller molecular units, as nucleotides with nucleic acids.
Origin
1955-1960
1955-60; polymer + -ase
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for polymerase
  • He is trying to build an automated version of the polymerase chain reaction.
  • Flu viruses have eight gene segments, and polymerase has to bind to each of them during replication.
British Dictionary definitions for polymerase

polymerase

/pəˈlɪməreɪz/
noun
1.
any enzyme that catalyses the synthesis of a polymer, esp the synthesis of DNA or RNA
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for polymerase
n.

1866, coined by Berzelius (1830) from Greek polymeres "having many parts" (see polymer).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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polymerase in Medicine

polymerase pol·y·mer·ase (pŏl'ə-mə-rās', -rāz')
n.
Any of various enzymes that catalyze polymerization, especially those that catalyze the synthesis of polynucleotides of DNA or RNA using an existing strand of DNA or RNA as a template.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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polymerase in Science
polymerase
  (pŏl'ə-mə-rās')   
Any of various enzymes, such as DNA polymerase, RNA polymerase, or reverse transcriptase, that catalyze the formation of sequences of DNA or RNA using an existing strand of DNA or RNA as a template.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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