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pompadour

[pom-puh-dawr, -dohr, -doo r] /ˈpɒm pəˌdɔr, -ˌdoʊr, -ˌdʊər/
noun
1.
an arrangement of a man's hair in which it is brushed up high from the forehead.
2.
an arrangement of a woman's hair in which it is raised over the forehead in a roll, sometimes over a pad.
3.
a pink or crimson color.
4.
Textiles.
  1. any fabric, as cotton or silk, having a design of small pink, blue, and sometimes gold flowers or bouquets on a white background.
  2. a fabric of the color pompadour, used for garments.
Origin
1745-1755
1745-55; named after the Marquise de Pompadour

Pompadour

[pom-puh-dawr, -dohr, -doo r; French pawn-pa-door] /ˈpɒm pəˌdɔr, -ˌdoʊr, -ˌdʊər; French pɔ̃ paˈdur/
noun
1.
Marquise de (Jeanne Antoinette Poisson Le Normant d'Étioles) 1721–64, mistress of Louis XV of France.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pompadour

pompadour

/ˈpɒmpəˌdʊə/
noun
1.
an early 18th-century hairstyle for women, having the front hair arranged over a pad to give it greater height and bulk
Word Origin
C18: named after the Marquise de Pompadour, who originated it

Pompadour

/French pɔ̃padur/
noun
1.
Marquise de, title of Jeanne Antoinette Poisson. 1721–64, mistress of Louis XV of France (1745–64), whom she greatly influenced
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pompadour
n.

1887 as a men's hairstyle; 1899 as a woman's style with the hair swept up over the forehead, in recognition of Jeanne-Antionette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour (1721-1764), mistress of Louis XV from 1745-50, who wore her hair in an upswept style. Used in her lifetime in reference to various fashions, accessories, colors, furniture, etc. The estate of Pompadour is in the Limousin region.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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