verb (used with object), populated, populating.
to inhabit; live in; be the inhabitants of.
to furnish with inhabitants, as by colonization; people.

1570–80; < Medieval Latin populātus, past participle of populāre to inhabit. See people, -ate1

outpopulate, verb (used with object), outpopulated, outpopulating.
repopulate, verb (used with object), repopulated, repopulating.
superpopulated, adjective
underpopulate, verb (used with object), underpopulated, underpopulating.
unpopulated, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
populate (ˈpɒpjʊˌleɪt)
1.  (often passive) to live in; inhabit
2.  to provide a population for; colonize or people
[C16: from Medieval Latin populāre to provide with inhabitants, from Latin populus people]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1570s, from M.L. populatus, pp. of populare "inhabit," from L. populus "inhabitants."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Wild polio virus remains at large generally in poor, densely populated areas or violence-torn places.
They destroy there homes when they get over populated and there is not enough feed for them let alone cattle or sheep.
City dwellers may handle pressure differently from those who live in less populated areas.
And wireless can't handle email and voice in a densely populated area, let alone video.
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