praetor

[pree-ter]
noun
(in the ancient Roman republic) one of a number of elected magistrates charged chiefly with the administration of civil justice and ranking next below a consul.
Also, pretor.


Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English pretor < Latin praetor, for *praeitor leader, literally, one going before, equivalent to *praei-, variant stem of praeīre to go before, lead (prae- prae- + -i-, base of īre to go) + -tor -tor

praetorial [pree-tawr-ee-uhl, -tohr-] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
praetor or pretor (ˈpriːtə, -tɔː, ˈpriːtə, -tɔː)
 
n
(in ancient Rome) any of several senior magistrates ranking just below the consuls
 
[C15: from Latin: one who leads the way, probably from praeīre, from prae- before + īre to go]
 
pretor or pretor
 
n
 
[C15: from Latin: one who leads the way, probably from praeīre, from prae- before + īre to go]
 
prae'torial or pretor
 
adj
 
pre'torial or pretor
 
adj
 
'praetorship or pretor
 
n
 
'pretorship or pretor
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

praetor
magistrate in ancient Rome (next in rank to consuls), early 15c., from L. prætor "one who goes before, a consul as leader of an army," from præ- "before" + root of ire "to go." Praetorian Guard is from cohors prætoria, the bodyguard troop of a Roman commander or emperor.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for praetor
The senate is headed by the praetor, followed by the proconsul.
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