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preemptive

[pree-emp-tiv] /priˈɛmp tɪv/
adjective
1.
of or relating to preemption.
2.
taken as a measure against something possible, anticipated, or feared; preventive; deterrent:
a preemptive tactic against a ruthless business rival.
3.
preempting or possessing the power to preempt; appropriative; privileged:
a commander's preemptive authority.
4.
Bridge. pertaining to, involving, or noting an opening bid or an overcall in a suit that is at an unnecessarily high level and that is essentially a defensive maneuver designed to make communication between one's opponents more difficult:
a preemptive bid; to give a preemptive response.
Also, pre-emptive.
Origin
1785-1795
1785-95, Americanism; preempt + -ive
Related forms
preemptively, adverb
Can be confused
peremptory, preemptive.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for pre-emptive

pre-emptive

/prɪˈɛmptɪv/
adjective
1.
of, involving, or capable of pre-emption
2.
(bridge) (of a high bid) made to shut out opposition bidding
3.
(military) designed to reduce or destroy an enemy's attacking strength before it can use it: a pre-emptive strike
Derived Forms
pre-emptively, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for pre-emptive
adj.

also preemptive, 1806, "pertaining to preemption;" from pre-emption + -ive. Specifically of an attack on an enemy who is plotting his own attack, 1958, a term from the Cold War. Related: Pre-emptively; preemptively.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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