precinct

[pree-singkt]
noun
1.
a district, as of a city, marked out for governmental or administrative purposes, or for police protection.
2.
Also called precinct house. the police station in such a district.
3.
Also called election district. one of a fixed number of districts, each containing one polling place, into which a city, town, etc., is divided for voting purposes.
4.
a space or place of definite or understood limits.
5.
Often, precincts. an enclosing boundary or limit.
6.
precincts, the parts or regions immediately surrounding a place; environs: the precincts of a town.
7.
Chiefly British. the ground immediately surrounding a church, temple, or the like.
8.
a walled or otherwise bounded or limited space within which a building or place is situated.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin praecinctum, noun use of neuter of Latin praecinctus, past participle of praecingere to gird about, surround, equivalent to prae- pre- + cing- (stem of cingere to surround; cf. cinch1) + -tus past participle suffix


1. ward. 4. territory. 8. compound.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
precinct (ˈpriːsɪŋkt)
 
n
1.  a.  an enclosed area or building marked by a fixed boundary such as a wall
 b.  such a boundary
2.  an area in a town, often closed to traffic, that is designed or reserved for a particular purpose: a shopping precinct; pedestrian precinct
3.  (US)
 a.  a district of a city for administrative or police purposes
 b.  the police responsible for such a district
4.  (US) a polling or electoral district
 
[C15: from Medieval Latin praecinctum (something) surrounded, from Latin praecingere to gird around, from prae before, around + cingere to gird]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

precinct
early 15c., "district defined for purposes of government or representation," from M.L. precinctum "enclosure, boundary line," prop. neut. pp. of L. præcingere "to gird about, surround," from præ- "before" + cingere "to surround, encircle" (see cinch).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
They attended panels on precinct organising and campaign finance.
Exclusion of cars from downtown has made a wonderful walking precinct and lots
  of opportunity for outdoor dining.
Here they deliver the alms and prayers they have collected during their treks
  to the saint's precinct.
Politically, we'll expand the great work of our precinct leader program.
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