predation

[pri-dey-shuhn]
noun
1.
depredation; plundering.
2.
act of plundering or robbing.
3.
predatory behavior.
4.
a relation between animals in which one organism captures and feeds on others.

Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English < Latin praedātiōn- (stem of praedātiō) a taking of booty, plundering, equivalent to praedāt(us), past participle of praedārī to plunder, catch (see predator) + -iōn-

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World English Dictionary
predation (prɪˈdeɪʃən)
 
n
a relationship between two species of animal in a community, in which one (the predator) hunts, kills, and eats the other (the prey)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

predation
mid-15c., "act of plundering or pillaging," from L. praedationem (nom. praedatio) "a plundering, act of taking booty," from praedari "to rob, to plunder," from praeda "plunder, booty, prey" (see prey). Zoological sense recorded from 1932. Predatory is first recorded 1580s;
of animals, 1660s. The verb predate "to seek prey" (1974) is a modern back formation.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In other words, predation is an unalterable fact of life.
Establishing that a firm is guilty of predation is difficult.
The difference in the seals' survival rates could be a result of an increase in
  shark predation within the reserve.
Contrary to conventional wisdom predation does influence primate evolution.
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