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predecessor

[pred-uh-ses-er, pred-uh-ses-er or, esp. British, pree-duh-ses-er] /ˈprɛd əˌsɛs ər, ˌprɛd əˈsɛs ər or, esp. British, ˈpri dəˌsɛs ər/
noun
1.
a person who precedes another in an office, position, etc.
2.
something succeeded or replaced by something else:
The new monument in the park is more beautiful than its predecessor.
3.
Archaic. an ancestor; forefather.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English predecessour < Anglo-French < Late Latin praedēcessor, equivalent to Latin prae- pre- + dēcessor retiring official, itself equivalent to dēced-, variant stem of dēcēdere to withdraw (dē- de- + cēdere to yield; see cede) + -tor -tor, with dt > ss
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for predecessor
  • Any newcomer has to fill all the niche roles that its predecessor managed.
  • Despite the more predictable plot line, this volume is as assured and as uplifting as its predecessor.
  • Miller alters the footprint but respects the integrity of his predecessor's work.
  • Like its predecessor, this book is neither scholarly nor overtly self-help–oriented.
  • The company announced an upgrade for the netbook that eliminates some of the shortcomings seen in its predecessor.
  • The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng.
  • As a person, she looks utterly different from her predecessors, and not only because she is a woman.
  • Walcott is a former teacher, a public school graduate, a self-styled Queens guy and a sharp contrast to his predecessor.
  • About as bad--and as good--as its predecessor.
  • Like its predecessor, this is a fond and inventive satire for the ages.
British Dictionary definitions for predecessor

predecessor

/ˈpriːdɪˌsɛsə/
noun
1.
a person who precedes another, as in an office
2.
something that precedes something else
3.
an ancestor; forefather
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Late Latin praedēcessor, from prae before + dēcēdere to go away, from away + cēdere to go
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for predecessor
n.

late 14c., "one who has held an office or position before the present holder," from Old French predecesseor "forebear" and directly from Late Latin praedecessorem (nominative praedecessor), from Latin prae "before" (see pre-) + decessor "retiring official," from decess-, past participle stem of decedere "go away," also "die" (see decease (n.)). Meaning "ancestor, forefather" is recorded from c.1400.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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predecessor in Technology
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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