[pred-l-ek-shuhn, preed-]
a tendency to think favorably of something in particular; partiality; preference: a predilection for Bach.

1735–45; < Medieval Latin praedīlect(us) beloved, past participle of praedīligere to prefer (see pre-, diligent) + -ion

bias, inclination, leaning, liking, weakness, predisposition, prepossession. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
predilection (ˌpriːdɪˈlɛkʃən)
a predisposition, preference, or bias
[C18: from French prédilection, from Medieval Latin praedīligere to prefer, from Latin prae before + dīligere to love]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1742, from Fr. prédilection (16c.), n. of action from M.L. prædilectus, pp. of prediligere "prefer before others," from L. præ- "before" + diligere "choose, love" (see diligent).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Self-conscious tourists may elect not to linger long at certain displays that
  could betray a particular predilection.
The objectification was tied to a predilection for violence.
Psychologists and neuroscientists have recently become fascinated by the human
  predilection for storytelling.
The aristocracy are marked by their predilection for country-life.
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