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predispose

[pree-di-spohz] /ˌpri dɪˈspoʊz/
verb (used with object), predisposed, predisposing.
1.
to give an inclination or tendency to beforehand; make susceptible:
Genetic factors may predispose human beings to certain metabolic diseases.
2.
to render subject, susceptible, or liable:
The evidence predisposes him to public censure.
3.
to dispose beforehand.
4.
Archaic. to dispose of beforehand, as in a will, legacy, or the like.
verb (used without object), predisposed, predisposing.
5.
to give or furnish a tendency or inclination:
an underground job that predisposes to lung infection.
Origin
1640-1650
1640-50; pre- + dispose
Related forms
predisposal, noun
predisposedly
[pree-di-spoh-zid-lee, -spohzd-] /ˌpri dɪˈspoʊ zɪd li, -ˈspoʊzd-/ (Show IPA),
adverb
predisposedness, noun
unpredisposed, adjective
unpredisposing, adjective
Synonyms
1. prearrange, prepare. 3. bias, incline.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for predispose
  • Genes that predispose people to depression, though, also influence their risk of experiencing negative environmental events.
  • Certain genetic disorders predispose people to respiratory infections.
  • The results indicate that the cellular changes could predispose the prostate to disease in adulthood.
  • It should be a major goal of science to understand the genes that predispose us to do one thing as opposed to another.
  • Maybe getting cold and damp does not predispose people to catch a cold.
  • However, if your genes predispose you to asthma or obesity, eradication may be unwise.
  • Scientists know that small variations in certain genes can predispose people to cancers or heart disease.
  • We will live according to what our own specific genetic risks predispose us toward.
  • Antidepressants help with strokes, but surveys also show them to predispose to stroke.
  • We have already identified genes which predispose for many diseases.
British Dictionary definitions for predispose

predispose

/ˌpriːdɪˈspəʊz/
verb (transitive)
1.
often foll by to or towards. to incline or make (someone) susceptible to something beforehand
2.
(mainly law) to dispose of (property, etc) beforehand; bequeath
Derived Forms
predisposal, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for predispose
v.

1640s, "to put into a certain frame of mind," perhaps a back-formation from predisposition. Related: Predisposed; predisposing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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predispose in Medicine

predispose pre·dis·pose (prē'dĭ-spōz')
v. pre·dis·posed, pre·dis·pos·ing, pre·dis·pos·es
To make susceptible, as to a disease.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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