presbyopia

[prez-bee-oh-pee-uh, pres-]
noun Ophthalmology.
farsightedness due to ciliary muscle weakness and loss of elasticity in the crystalline lens.

Origin:
1785–95; < Greek presby- (combining form of présbys old, old man) + -opia

presbyopic [prez-bee-op-ik, pres-] , adjective
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Collins
World English Dictionary
presbyopia (ˌprɛzbɪˈəʊpɪə)
 
n
a progressively diminishing ability of the eye to focus, noticeable from middle to old age, caused by loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens
 
[C18: New Latin, from Greek presbus old man + ōps eye]
 
presbyopic
 
adj

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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

presbyopia pres·by·o·pi·a (prěz'bē-ō'pē-ə, prěs'-)
n.
Inability of the eye to focus sharply on nearby objects, resulting from loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens with advancing age.


pres'by·op'ic (-ŏp'ĭk, -ō'pĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

presbyopia

loss of ability to focus the eye sharply on near objects as a result of the decreasing elasticity of the lens of the eye. The eye's ability to focus on near and far objects-the power of accommodation-depends upon two forces, the elasticity of the lens of the eye and the action of the ciliary muscle (a roughly ring-shaped muscle that encircles the lens and is attached to it by suspensory ligaments). When the ciliary muscle is relaxed, the ring enlarges away from the lens and the suspensory ligaments are tautened, flattening the lens into a shape suitable for viewing distant objects. When the muscle contracts, the ligaments are loosened, and, because of the elasticity of the lens, the surface of the lens-particularly the front surface-becomes more curved, in keeping with viewing near objects. Ordinarily the lens gradually becomes less elastic (it hardens) with age, so the power of accommodation is lost progressively. The loss is most rapid in the decade of the 40s, the age when most people become aware of difficulty in performing a task, such as reading, that requires near focusing; this can be helped with corrective lenses

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Presbyopia-- difficulty focusing on objects that are close.
Presbyopia, like other focus defects, becomes much less noticeable in bright sunlight.
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