|1.||a. an elder of a congregation in the early Christian Church|
|b. (in some Churches having episcopal politics) an official who is subordinate to a bishop and has administrative, teaching, and sacerdotal functions|
|2.||(in some hierarchical Churches) another name for priest|
|3.||in the Presbyterian Church|
|a. a teaching elder|
|b. a ruling elder|
|[C16: from Late Latin, from Greek presbuteros an older man, from presbus old man]|
(from Greek presbyteros, "elder"), an officer or minister in the early Christian Church intermediate between bishop and deacon or, in modern Presbyterianism, an alternative name for elder. The word presbyter is etymologically the original form of "priest."
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