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presuppose

[pree-suh-pohz] /ˌpri səˈpoʊz/
verb (used with object), presupposed, presupposing.
1.
to suppose or assume beforehand; take for granted in advance.
2.
(of a thing, condition, or state of affairs) to require or imply as an antecedent condition:
An effect presupposes a cause.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Middle French presupposer. See pre-, suppose
Related forms
presupposition
[pree-suhp-uh-zish-uh n] /ˌpri sʌp əˈzɪʃ ən/ (Show IPA),
noun
presuppositionless, adjective
Synonyms
1. presume.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for presupposition
  • Due to the lack of copious records a theoretical presupposition was able to interject itself into the data.
  • However, specific agreement is not a presupposition of reasoned dialogue.
  • If certain intended misleaders are introduced, presupposition does not enter into memory.
  • presupposition can also occur at the sentence level.
  • These experiences are however imbued with bias and presupposition.
British Dictionary definitions for presupposition

presuppose

/ˌpriːsəˈpəʊz/
verb (transitive)
1.
to take for granted; assume
2.
to require or imply as a necessary prior condition
3.
(philosophy, logic, linguistics) to require (a condition) to be satisfied as a precondition for a statement to be either true or false or for a speech act to be felicitous. Have you stopped beating your wife? presupposes that the person addressed has a wife and has beaten her
Derived Forms
presupposition (ˌpriːsʌpəˈzɪʃən) noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for presupposition
n.

1530s, from Middle French présupposition and directly from Medieval Latin praesuppositionem (nominative praesuppositio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin praesupponere, from prae "before" (see pre-) + suppositio (see suppose).

presuppose

v.

mid-15c., from Old French presupposer (14c.), from Medieval Latin praesupponere; see pre- + suppose. Related: Presupposed; presupposing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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