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presuppose

[pree-suh-pohz] /ˌpri səˈpoʊz/
verb (used with object), presupposed, presupposing.
1.
to suppose or assume beforehand; take for granted in advance.
2.
(of a thing, condition, or state of affairs) to require or imply as an antecedent condition:
An effect presupposes a cause.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Middle French presupposer. See pre-, suppose
Related forms
presupposition
[pree-suhp-uh-zish-uh n] /ˌpri sʌp əˈzɪʃ ən/ (Show IPA),
noun
presuppositionless, adjective
Synonyms
1. presume.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for presupposition
  • Due to the lack of copious records a theoretical presupposition was able to interject itself into the data.
  • However, specific agreement is not a presupposition of reasoned dialogue.
  • If certain intended misleaders are introduced, presupposition does not enter into memory.
  • presupposition can also occur at the sentence level.
  • These experiences are however imbued with bias and presupposition.
British Dictionary definitions for presupposition

presuppose

/ˌpriːsəˈpəʊz/
verb (transitive)
1.
to take for granted; assume
2.
to require or imply as a necessary prior condition
3.
(philosophy, logic, linguistics) to require (a condition) to be satisfied as a precondition for a statement to be either true or false or for a speech act to be felicitous. Have you stopped beating your wife? presupposes that the person addressed has a wife and has beaten her
Derived Forms
presupposition (ˌpriːsʌpəˈzɪʃən) noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for presupposition
presuppose
1426, from O.Fr. presupposer (14c.), from M.L. præsupponere; see pre- + suppose.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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