previous

[pree-vee-uhs]
adjective
1.
coming or occurring before something else; prior: the previous owner.
2.
Informal. done, occurring, etc., before the proper time; premature: Aren't you a little previous with that request?
Idioms
3.
previous to, before; prior to: Previous to moving here she lived in Chicago.

Origin:
1615–25; < Latin praevius going before, equivalent to prae- pre- + vi(a) way + -us adj. suffix

previously, adverb
previousness, noun


1. earlier, former, preceding, foregoing.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
previous (ˈpriːvɪəs)
 
adj
1.  (prenominal) existing or coming before something else in time or position; prior
2.  informal (postpositive) taking place or done too soon; premature
3.  previous to before; prior to
 
[C17: from Latin praevius leading the way, from prae before + via way]
 
'previously
 
adv
 
'previousness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

previous
1625, from L. prævius "going before," from præ "before" + via "road" (see via).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Many new species are coming from areas that have not been previously explored
  or are poorly understood.
Attendees also got an early look at previously unknown and little-studied
  dinosaurs.
The evidence becomes even more valuable when the species photographed is
  elusive, threatened or even previously unknown.
It has been encountered in a range of animal species, including chimpanzees,
  but had never been previously shown in elephants.
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