lack of the usual comforts or necessaries of life: His life of privation began to affect his health.
an instance of this.
the act of depriving.
the state of being deprived.

1350–1400; Middle English (< Middle French privacion) < Latin prīvātiōn- (stem of prīvātiō) a taking away. See private, -ion

1. deprivation, want, need, distress. See hardship. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
privation (praɪˈveɪʃən)
1.  loss or lack of the necessities of life, such as food and shelter
2.  hardship resulting from this
3.  the state of being deprived
4.  obsolete logic the absence from an object of what ordinarily or naturally belongs to such objects
[C14: from Latin prīvātiō deprivation]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., "action of depriving," from O.Fr. privacion, from L. privationem (nom. privatio) "a taking away," from privatus, pp. of privare "deprive" (see private). Meaning "want of life's comforts or of some necessity" is attested from 1790.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Four years is not a long enough time in which to forget the misery and
  privation which that strike brought about.
Please consider that solutions which begin with voluntary austerity devolve
  rapidly to enforced privation.
There she lived for a time a life of the utmost privation.
Its brief paragraphs comprise a record of heroic devotion to duty in the face
  of hardships and privation.
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