privative

privative

[priv-uh-tiv]
adjective
1.
causing, or tending to cause, deprivation.
2.
consisting in or characterized by the taking away, loss, or lack of something.
3.
Grammar. indicating negation or absence.
noun
4.
Grammar. a privative element, as a- in asymmetric.
5.
something that is deprived.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English privatif < Latin prīvātīvus. See private, -ive

privatively, adverb
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World English Dictionary
privative (ˈprɪvətɪv)
 
adj
1.  causing privation
2.  expressing lack or negation, as for example the English suffix -less and prefix un-
3.  obsolete logic (of a proposition) that predicates a logical privation
 
[C16: from Latin prīvātīvus indicating loss, negative]
 
'privatively
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

privative
1590, "expressing negation" (as the prefixes un-, a-, etc.), from L. privativus "denoting privation, negative," from privatus, pp. of privare (see private).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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