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probation

[proh-bey-shuh n] /proʊˈbeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the act of testing.
2.
the testing or trial of a person's conduct, character, qualifications, or the like.
3.
the state or period of such testing or trial.
4.
Law.
  1. a method of dealing with offenders, especially young persons guilty of minor crimes or first offenses, by allowing them to go at large under supervision of a probation officer.
  2. the state of having been conditionally released.
5.
Education. a trial period or condition of students in certain educational institutions who are being permitted to redeem failures, misconduct, etc.
6.
the testing or trial of a candidate for membership in a religious body or order, for holy orders, etc.
7.
Archaic. proof.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English probacion < Latin probātiōn- (stem of probātiō). See probate, -ion
Related forms
probational, probationary
[proh-bey-shuh-ner-ee] /proʊˈbeɪ ʃəˌnɛr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
probationship, noun
nonprobation, noun
unprobational, adjective
unprobationary, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for probational

probation

/prəˈbeɪʃən/
noun
1.
a system of dealing with offenders by placing them under the supervision of a probation officer
2.
on probation
  1. under the supervision of a probation officer
  2. undergoing a test period
3.
a trial period, as for a teacher, religious novitiate, etc
4.
the act of proving or testing
5.
a period during which a new employee may have his employment terminated on the grounds of unsuitability
Derived Forms
probational, probationary, adjective
probationally, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for probational

probation

n.

early 15c., "trial, experiment, test," from Old French probacion "proof, evidence" (14c., Modern French probation) and directly from Latin probationem (nominative probatio) "approval, assent; a proving, trial, inspection, examination," noun of action from past participle stem of probare "to test" (see prove). Meaning "testing of a person's conduct" (especially as a trial period for membership) is from early 15c.; theological sense first recorded 1520s; criminal justice sense is recorded by 1866. As a verb from 1640s. Related: Probationer; probationary.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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