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proletariat

[proh-li-tair-ee-uh t] /ˌproʊ lɪˈtɛər i ət/
noun
1.
the class of wage earners, especially those who earn their living by manual labor or who are dependent for support on daily or casual employment; the working class.
2.
(in Marxist theory) the class of workers, especially industrial wage earners, who do not possess capital or property and must sell their labor to survive.
3.
the lowest or poorest class of people, possessing no property, especially in ancient Rome.
Origin of proletariat
1850-1855
1850-55; < French prolétariat; see proletary, -ate3
Related forms
nonproletariat, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for proletariat

proletariat

/ˌprəʊlɪˈtɛərɪət/
noun
1.
all wage-earners collectively
2.
the lower or working class
3.
(in Marxist theory) the class of wage-earners, esp industrial workers, in a capitalist society, whose only possession of significant material value is their labour
4.
(in ancient Rome) the lowest class of citizens, who had no property
Word Origin
C19: via French from Latin prōlētāriusproletarian
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for proletariat
n.

also proletariate, "the lowest class," 1853, from French prolétariat, from Latin proletarius (see proletarian). In political economics, "indigent wage-earners," from 1856. Leninist phrase dictatorship of the proletariat attested from 1918.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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proletariat in Culture
proletariat [(proh-luh-tair-ee-uht)]

In Marxism, the industrial working class, people without property.

proletariat [(proh-luh-tair-ee-uht)]

A term often applied to industrial workers, particularly by followers of Karl Marx.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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