pronunciation

[pruh-nuhn-see-ey-shuhn]
noun
1.
the act or result of producing the sounds of speech, including articulation, stress, and intonation, often with reference to some standard of correctness or acceptability: They are arguing about the pronunciation of “forte” again. His pronunciation retains charming traces of his early years in Ireland.
2.
an accepted standard of the sound and stress patterns of a syllable, word, phrase, etc.: He said the pronunciation of “curl” is [kurl] not [koil]
3.
the conventional patterns of treatment of the sounds of a language: the pronunciation of French.
4.
a phonetic transcription of a given word, sound, etc.: The pronunciation of “pheasant” is [fez-uhnt]
5.
Rare. an act or instance of declaring publicly; pronouncement: It was but the latest pronunciation of the political double-standard uttered in the course of this scandal. declaration, assertion, statement; announcement, affirmation; proclamation, promulgation, dissemination.
6.
a.
elocution or delivery.
b.
elegant speech; oratory.
c.
an act or instance of speaking.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English pronunciacion < Latin prōnūntiātiōn- (stem of prōnūntiātiō) delivery (of a speech), equivalent to prōnūntiāt(us) (past participle of prōnūntiāre to pronounce; see -ate1) + -iōn- -ion

pronunciational, pronunciatory [pruh-nuhn-see-uh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] , pronunciative, adjective
nonpronunciation, noun

elocution, enunciation, pronunciation.


It may seem odd for the pronunciation of this very word to be an issue; the pronunciation of pronunciation should be evident from its spelling. The vowel in the second syllable is u, said as in the word up. It is not the diphthong ou, as in ouch. However, for some people, the impulse to retain the sound pattern of the familiar verb pronounce is too strong to resist, and we hear this word said as if it were spelled p-r-o-n-o-u-n-c-i-a-t-i-o-n all too frequently. All this is a reminder that the entire subject of “correct” pronunciation is fraught with controversy. Changes from what we heard growing up are often resisted with surprisingly passionate scorn. And yet we know that language is constantly changing, and that many pronunciations once attacked as ignorant are now accepted without question in even the most educated circles. For example, we hear [skiz-uhm] as well as the older [siz-uhm] for schism, and [fawr-tey] as well as the historically correct [fawrt] for the sense of forte meaning “something that one excels in” (see Pronunciation note at forte1. ). And stress patterns change with new generations: increasingly, [kuhm-pair-uh-buhl] is overtaking [kom-per-uh-buhl] for comparable. Language experts seize the opportunity to note and study these changes; language innovation can be fascinating--even exciting. But some deviations from the current norm will not become part of an accepted standard, and as long as the way one speaks remains a marker of one's education, or one's ability to perform well in school or in a prospective job, it is best to avoid misguided pronunciations like [pruh-noun-see-ey-shuhn].
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
pronunciation (prəˌnʌnsɪˈeɪʃən)
 
n
1.  the act, instance, or manner of pronouncing sounds
2.  the supposedly correct manner of pronouncing sounds in a given language
3.  a phonetic transcription of a word

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

pronunciation
1430, "mode in which a word is pronounced," from L. pronuntiationem (nom. pronuntiatio) "act of speaking," also "proclamation," noun of action from pronuntiare "announce" (see pronounce).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

Pronunciation definition


In this dictionary slashes (/../) bracket phonetic pronunciations of words not found in a standard English dictionary. The notation, and many of the pronunciations, were adapted from the Hacker's Jargon File.
Syllables are separated by dash or followed single quote or back quote. Single quote means the preceding syllable is stressed (louder), back quote follows a syllable with intermediate stress (slightly louder), otherwise all syllables are equally stressed.
Consonants are pronounced as in English but note:
ch soft, as in "church" g hard, as in "got" gh aspirated g+h of "bughouse" or "ragheap" j voiced, as in "judge" kh guttural of "loch" or "l'chaim" s unvoiced, as in "pass" zh as "s" in "pleasure"
Uppercase letters are pronounced as their English letter names; thus (for example) /H-L-L/ is equivalent to /aych el el/. /Z/ is pronounced /zee/ in the US and /zed/ in the UK (elsewhere?).
Vowels are represented as follows:
a back, that ah father, palm (see note) ar far, mark aw flaw, caught ay bake, rain e less, men ee easy, ski eir their, software i trip, hit i: life, sky o block, stock (see note) oh flow, sew oo loot, through or more, door ow out, how oy boy, coin uh but, some u put, foot *r fur, insert (only in stressed syllables; otherwise use just "r") y yet, young yoo few, chew [y]oo /oo/ with optional fronting as in `news' (/nooz/ or /nyooz/)
A /*/ is used for the `schwa' sound of unstressed or occluded vowels (often written with an upside-down `e'). The schwa vowel is omitted in unstressed syllables containing vocalic l, m, n or r; that is, "kitten" and "colour" would be rendered /kit'n/ and /kuhl'r/, not /kit'*n/ and /kuhl'*r/.
The above table reflects mainly distinctions found in standard American English (that is, the neutral dialect spoken by TV network announcers and typical of educated speech in the Upper Midwest, Chicago, Minneapolis/St.Paul and Philadelphia). However, we separate /o/ from /ah/, which tend to merge in standard American. This may help readers accustomed to accents resembling British Received Pronunciation.
Entries with a pronunciation of `//' are written-only.
(1997-12-10)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
It encourages the inclusion of different ways to think about a word and
  pronunciation guides.
Voice-recognition features compare their pronunciation to that of native
  speakers.
Its pronunciation depends upon the preceding and following sounds.
Here only one single letter is changed, the modification of which could hardly
  be noticed in careless pronunciation.
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