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prostrate

[pros-treyt] /ˈprɒs treɪt/
verb (used with object), prostrated, prostrating.
1.
to cast (oneself) face down on the ground in humility, submission, or adoration.
2.
to lay flat, as on the ground.
3.
to throw down level with the ground.
4.
to overthrow, overcome, or reduce to helplessness.
5.
to reduce to physical weakness or exhaustion.
adjective
6.
lying flat or at full length, as on the ground.
7.
lying face down on the ground, as in token of humility, submission, or adoration.
8.
overthrown, overcome, or helpless:
a country left prostrate by natural disasters.
9.
physically weak or exhausted.
10.
11.
utterly dejected or depressed; disconsolate.
12.
Botany. (of a plant or stem) lying flat on the ground.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; (adj.) Middle English prostrat < Latin prōstrātus, past participle of prōsternere to throw prone, equivalent to prō- pro-1 + strā-, variant stem of sternere to stretch out + -tus past participle suffix; (v.) Middle English prostraten, derivative of the adj.
Related forms
prostrative
[pros-truh-tiv] /ˈprɒs trə tɪv/ (Show IPA),
adjective
prostrator, noun
unprostrated, adjective
Can be confused
prone, prostate, prostrate, supine.
prostate, prostrate.
Synonyms
6. prone, supine, recumbent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for prostrated
  • The sled was made to slide on one runner, and the chiefs prostrated themselves on it.
  • Severe disabling arthritis leaving the patient eligible for surgical intervention, or incapacitated and prostrated patients.
  • The country is hilly and well wooded, and everything in the path of the storm was prostrated.
  • She was prostrated yesterday when she learned of her supposed husband's duplicity.
  • Soon afterward, while walking along, he was prostrated.
British Dictionary definitions for prostrated

prostrate

adjective (ˈprɒstreɪt)
1.
lying with the face downwards, as in submission
2.
exhausted physically or emotionally
3.
helpless or defenceless
4.
(of a plant) growing closely along the ground
verb (transitive) (prɒˈstreɪt)
5.
to bow or cast (oneself) down, as in submission
6.
to lay or throw down flat, as on the ground
7.
to make helpless or defenceless
8.
to make exhausted
Derived Forms
prostration, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin prōsternere to throw to the ground, from prō- before + sternere to lay low
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for prostrated
prostrate
c.1380, from L. prostratus, pp. of prosternere "strew in front, throw down," from pro- "forth" + sternere "to spread out," from PIE base *stere- "to spread, extend, stretch out" (see structure). The verb is attested from c.1400, from the adj. Prostration "action of prostrating oneself" is from 1526; meaning "weakness, exhaustion, dejection" is from 1651.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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prostrated in Science
prostrate
  (prŏs'trāt')   
Growing flat along the ground. Creeping jenny, pennyroyal, and many species of ivy have a prostrate growth habit.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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