protection

[pruh-tek-shuhn]
noun
1.
the act of protecting or the state of being protected; preservation from injury or harm.
2.
a thing, person, or group that protects: This vaccine is a protection against disease.
4.
Insurance. coverage ( def 1 ).
5.
Informal.
a.
money paid to racketeers for a guarantee against threatened violence.
b.
bribe money paid to the police, politicians, or other authorities for overlooking criminal activity.
6.
Economics, protectionism.
7.
a document that assures safety from harm, delay, or the like, for the person, persons, or property specified in it.
8.
Archaic. a document given by the U.S. customs authorities to a sailor traveling abroad certifying that the holder is a citizen of the U.S.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English proteccio(u)n < Late Latin prōtēctiōn- (stem of prōtēctiō) a covering in front. See protect, -ion

protectional, adjective
nonprotection, noun
overprotection, noun


1. security, refuge, safety. 2. guard, defense, shield, bulwark. See cover. 3. aegis, sponsorship. 7. pass, permit.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
protection (prəˈtɛkʃən)
 
n
1.  the act of protecting or the condition of being protected
2.  something that protects
3.  a.  the imposition of duties or quotas on imports, designed for the protection of domestic industries against overseas competition, expansion of domestic employment, etc
 b.  Compare free trade Also called: protectionism the system, policy, or theory of such restrictions
4.  a document that grants protection or immunity from arrest or harassment to a person, esp a traveller
5.  mountaineering security on a climb provided by running belays, etc
6.  informal
 a.  Also called: protection money money demanded by gangsters for freedom from molestation
 b.  freedom from molestation purchased in this way
 
pro'tectionism
 
n
 
pro'tectionist
 
n, —adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

protection
late 14c., from O.Fr. protection (12c.), from L. protectionem "a covering over," from protectus, pp. of protegere "protect, cover in front," from pro- "in front" + tegere "to cover" (see stegosaurus). The O.E. word for "protect" was beorgan. In gangster sense, "freedom
from molestation in exchange for money," it is attested from 1860. Ecological sense of "attempted preservation by laws" is from 1880 (originally of wild birds in Britain). Protectionist in the economics sense is first recorded 1844, from Fr. protectionniste (in political economy sense, protection is attested from 1789).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Spending on green technologies rose, but less care was taken over environmental protection.
Bank marketing campaigns for overdraft protection appear to be working on some
  consumers.
The higher the speed rating, the more such protection might pay off.
In addition, few people realized that the quagga was distinct from other zebras
  and needed protection.
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