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[prok-see] /ˈprɒk si/
noun, plural proxies.
the agency, function, or power of a person authorized to act as the deputy or substitute for another.
the person so authorized; substitute; agent.
a written authorization empowering another person to vote or act for the signer, as at a meeting of stockholders.
an ally or confederate who can be relied upon to speak or act in one's behalf.
Origin of proxy
late Middle English
1400-50; late Middle English prokesye, procusie, contraction of procuracy procuration. See procure, -acy Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for proxies
  • In addition, many of the indicators or their proxies have only an indirect relationship to educational quality.
  • Yet none of these are reliable proxies for educational excellence.
  • But scientists are now discovering that data from a suite of animal proxies has the potential to fill in some of these holes.
  • The resolution of the information is often sharper than that in other proxies, such as ocean sediments.
  • They are only proxies, but they are discernable in mechanical ways.
  • There have been several, based on entirely independent proxies.
  • One view of an organism is that they are merely proxies, or vectors, for the genes they carry.
  • Family structure is not something education psychologists are familiar, so they forgive bad measurement proxies and limited range.
  • The surface stations may not be perfect, but they still provide useful information that can be confirmed by independent proxies.
  • Because pigmentation is controlled by only a few genes the state at these loci are poor proxies for total genome content.
British Dictionary definitions for proxies


noun (pl) proxies
a person authorized to act on behalf of someone else; agent: to vote by proxy
the authority, esp in the form of a document, given to a person to act on behalf of someone else
(computing) short for proxy server
Word Origin
C15: prokesye, contraction of procuracy, from Latin prōcūrātiō procuration; see procure
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for proxies



early 15c., proccy, prokecye, "agency of one who acts instead of another; letter of power of attorney," contraction of Anglo-French procuracie (c.1300), from Medieval Latin procuratia "administration," from Latin procuratio "a caring for, management," from procurare "manage" (see procure). Also cf. proctor (n.). Meaning "person who acts in place of another" is from 1610s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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proxies in Culture

proxy definition

A person authorized to act for another, or the written authorization to act for another.

Note: Shareholders in corporations may designate proxies to represent them at stockholders' meetings and vote their shares.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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