Psalter

Psalter

[sawl-ter]
noun
1.
the Biblical book of Psalms.
2.
(sometimes lowercase) a psalmbook.

Origin:
before 900; < Late Latin psaltērium the Psalter, Latin: a psaltery < Greek psaltḗrion stringed instrument; replacing Middle English sauter (< Anglo-French < Late Latin) and Old English saltere (< Late Latin, as above)

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World English Dictionary
Psalter (ˈsɔːltə)
 
n
1.  another name for Psalms, esp in the version in the Book of Common Prayer
2.  a translation, musical, or metrical version of the Psalms
3.  a devotional or liturgical book containing a version of Psalms, often with a musical setting
 
[Old English psaltere, from Late Latin psaltērium, from Greek psaltērion stringed instrument, from psallein to play a stringed instrument]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

psalter
"the Book of Psalms," O.E. saltere, psaltere, from Church L. psalterium "the songs of David," from L., lit. "stringed instrument played by twanging," from Gk. psalterion, from psallein "to pluck, play on a stringed instrument."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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