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psaltery

[sawl-tuh-ree] /ˈsɔl tə ri/
noun, plural psalteries.
1.
an ancient musical instrument consisting of a flat sounding box with numerous strings which are plucked with the fingers or with a plectrum.
2.
(initial capital letter) the Psalter.
Origin of psaltery
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English sautrie < Middle French sauter(i)e < Late Latin psaltērium; see Psalter
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for psaltery

psaltery

/ˈsɔːltərɪ/
noun (pl) -teries
1.
(music) an ancient stringed instrument similar to the lyre, but having a trapezoidal sounding board over which the strings are stretched
Word Origin
Old English: see Psalter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for psaltery
n.

"ancient stringed instrument," c.1300, from Old French psalterie (12c.), from Latin psalterium "stringed instrument," from Greek psalterion "stringed instrument," from psallein "play on a stringed instrument, pull, pluck" (see psalm).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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psaltery in the Bible

a musical instrument, supposed to have been a kind of lyre, or a harp with twelve strings. The Hebrew word nebhel, so rendered, is translated "viol" in Isa. 5:12 (R.V., "lute"); 14:11. In Dan. 3:5, 7, 10, 15, the word thus rendered is Chaldaic, pesanterin, which is supposed to be a word of Greek origin denoting an instrument of the harp kind.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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13
14
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