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Psyche

[sahy-kee]
noun
1.
Classical Mythology. a personification of the soul, which in the form of a beautiful girl was loved by Eros.
2.
(lowercase) the human soul, spirit, or mind.
3.
(lowercase) Psychology, Psychoanalysis. the mental or psychological structure of a person, especially as a motive force.
4.
Neoplatonism. the second emanation of the One, regarded as a universal consciousness and as the animating principle of the world.
5.
a female given name.

Origin:
1650–60 for def 2; < Latin psȳchē < Greek psȳchḗ literally, breath, derivative of psȳ́chein to breathe, blow, hence, live (see psycho-)

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
psych or psyche (saɪk)
 
vb
informal (tr) psych out See also psych up to psychoanalyse
 
[C20: shortened from psychoanalyse]
 
psyche or psyche
 
vb
 
[C20: shortened from psychoanalyse]

psyche (ˈsaɪkɪ)
 
n
the human mind or soul
 
[C17: from Latin, from Greek psukhē breath, soul; related to Greek psukhein to breathe]

Psyche (ˈsaɪkɪ)
 
n
Greek myth a beautiful girl loved by Eros (Cupid), who became the personification of the soul

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

psyche
1647, "animating spirit," from L. psyche, from Gk. psykhe "the soul, mind, spirit, breath, life, the invisible animating principle or entity which occupies and directs the physical body" (personified as Psykhe, the lover of Eros), akin to psykhein "to blow, cool," from PIE base *bhes- "to blow" (cf.
Skt. bhas-). The word had extensive sense development in Platonic philosophy and Jewish-infl. theological writing of St. Paul. In Eng., psychological sense is from 1910.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

psyche psy·che (sī'kē)
n.
The mind functioning as the center of thought, emotion, and behavior and consciously or unconsciously mediating the body's responses to the social and physical environment.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Psyche [(seye-kee)]

In Roman mythology, a beautiful girl who was visited each night in the dark by Cupid, who told her she must not try to see him. When she did try, while he was asleep, she accidentally dropped oil from her lamp on him, and he awoke and fled. After she had performed many harsh tasks set by Cupid's mother, Venus, Jupiter made her immortal, and she and Cupid were married. Her name is Greek for both “soul” and “butterfly.”

psyche [(seye-kee)]

The mind, soul, or spirit, as opposed to the body. In psychology, the psyche is the center of thought, feeling, and motivation, consciously and unconsciously directing the body's reactions to its social and physical environment.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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