psychoanalytic

psychoanalysis

[sahy-koh-uh-nal-uh-sis]
noun
1.
a systematic structure of theories concerning the relation of conscious and unconscious psychological processes.
2.
a technical procedure for investigating unconscious mental processes and for treating psychoneuroses.

Origin:
1905–10; < German Psychoanalyse. See psycho-, analysis

psychoanalytic [sahy-koh-an-l-it-ik] , psychoanalytical, adjective
psychoanalytically, adverb
nonpsychoanalytic, adjective
nonpsychoanalytical, adjective
nonpsychoanalytically, adverb
postpsychoanalytic, adjective

psychiatry, psychology, psychoanalysis, psychotherapy.
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World English Dictionary
psychoanalysis (ˌsaɪkəʊəˈnælɪsɪs)
 
n
a method of studying the mind and treating mental and emotional disorders based on revealing and investigating the role of the unconscious mind
 
psychoanalyst
 
n
 
psychoanalytic
 
adj
 
psychoana'lytical
 
adj
 
psychoana'lytically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

psychoanalysis
1906, from Ger. Psychoanalyse, coined 1896 by Freud from Gk. psykhe- "mental" (see psyche) + Ger. Analyse, from Gk. analysis (see analysis). Freud earlier used psychische analyse (1894). Psychoanalyst and psychoanalyze both first attested 1911. Psychobabble is first recorded 1976.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

psychoanalysis psy·cho·a·nal·y·sis (sī'kō-ə-nāl'ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. psy·cho·a·nal·y·ses (-sēz')

  1. The method of psychiatric therapy originated by Sigmund Freud in which free association, dream interpretation, and analysis of resistance and transference are used to explore repressed or unconscious impulses, anxieties, and internal conflicts. Also called psychoanalytic therapy.

  2. The theory of personality developed by Freud that focuses on repression and unconscious forces and includes the concepts of infantile sexuality, resistance, transference, and division of the psyche into the id, ego, and superego.

  3. Psychiatric treatment incorporating this method and theory.


psy'cho·an'a·lyt'ic (-ān'ə-lĭt'ĭk) or psy'cho·an'a·lyt'i·cal (-ĭ-kəl) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

psychoanalysis definition


A method of treating mental illness, originating with Sigmund Freud, in which a psychiatrist (analyst) helps a patient discover and confront the causes of the illness. Many psychiatrists believe that these causes are buried deep in the unconscious of the patient and can be brought to the surface through such techniques as hypnosis and the analysis of dreams. Psychoanalysis emphasizes that mental illness usually originates in repressed sexual desires or traumas in childhood.

Note: Psychoanalysis is sometimes simply called analysis.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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