psychodrama psy·cho·dra·ma (sī'kə-drä'mə, -drām'ə)
A psychotherapeutic and analytic technique in which people are assigned roles to be played spontaneously within a dramatic context devised by a therapist.
A dramatization in which this technique is employed.
group psychotherapeutic technique in which patients more or less spontaneously dramatize their personal problems before an audience of fellow patients and therapists, some of whom may also participate in the dramatic production. A stage setting is generally used, and the chief therapist functions as director, encouraging participants to project as much as possible into their roles and occasionally modifying the parts of the players. The subject of the drama is usually some emotionally charged situation common to the group or from the patient-protagonist's life, enabling participants to gain some emotional release and control over anxiety provoked in similar situations as well as to learn new ways of responding in the future. Sometimes the therapist-director will have an auxiliary character switch roles with the protagonist, so that the patient may observe and react to himself as others see him. The dramatization is followed by discussion between players and audience.
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