of or pertaining to a woman in childbirth.
pertaining to or connected with childbirth.

1760–70; < Neo-Latin puerperālis of childbirth. See puerpera, -al1

postpuerperal, adjective
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World English Dictionary
puerperal (pjuːˈɜːpərəl)
of, relating to, or occurring during the puerperium
[C18: from New Latin puerperālis relating to childbirth; see puerperium]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1768, from L. puerpera "bearing a child," from puer "child, boy" (see puerility) + parere "to bear" (see parent).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

puerperal pu·er·per·al (pyōō-ûr'pər-əl)
Relating to, connected with, or occurring during childbirth or the period immediately following childbirth.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Apparently there is no puerperal parasite, properly speaking.
Puerperal fever is no longer favored as a diagnostic category.
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