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pyroelectricity

[pahy-roh-i-lek-tris-i-tee, -ee-lek-] /ˌpaɪ roʊ ɪ lɛkˈtrɪs ɪ ti, -ˌi lɛk-/
noun
1.
electrification or electrical polarity produced in certain crystals by temperature changes.
Origin
1825-1835
1825-35; pyro- + electricity
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for pyroelectricity
  • We use molecular dynamics with a first-principles-based shell model potential to study pyroelectricity in lithium niobate.
British Dictionary definitions for pyroelectricity

pyroelectricity

/ˌpaɪrəʊɪlɛkˈtrɪsɪtɪ; -ˌiːlɛk-/
noun
1.
the development of opposite charges at the ends of the axis of certain hemihedral crystals, such as tourmaline, as a result of a change in temperature
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for pyroelectricity

development of opposite electrical charges on different parts of a crystal that is subjected to temperature change. First observed (1824) in quartz, pyroelectricity is exhibited only in crystallized nonconducting substances having at least one axis of symmetry that is polar (that is, having no centre of symmetry, the different crystal faces occurring on opposite ends). Portions of the crystal with the same symmetry will develop charges of like sign. Opposite temperature changes produce opposite charges at the same point; i.e., if a crystal develops a positive charge on one face during heating, it will develop a negative charge there during cooling. The charges gradually dissipate if the crystal is kept at a constant temperature.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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