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pyrolusite

[pahy-ruh-loo-sahyt, pahy-rol-yuh-sahyt] /ˌpaɪ rəˈlu saɪt, paɪˈrɒl yəˌsaɪt/
noun
1.
a common mineral, manganese dioxide, MnO 2 , the principal ore of manganese, used in various manufactures, as a decolorizer of brown or green tints in glass, and as a depolarizer in dry-cell batteries.
Origin
1820-1830
1820-30; pyro- + Greek loûs(is) washing + -ite1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for pyrolusite
  • The deposit was composed mostly of pyrolusite and upgraded seaports and power stations.
  • pyrolusite is abundant in cracks and pods along outcrops of deposits that consist principally of psilomelane in depth.
  • There is thus no scheelite recovery process or pyrolusite concentration technique per se.
British Dictionary definitions for pyrolusite

pyrolusite

/ˌpaɪrəʊˈluːsaɪt/
noun
1.
a blackish fibrous or soft powdery mineral consisting of manganese dioxide in tetragonal crystalline form. It occurs in association with other manganese ores and is an important source of manganese. Formula: MnO2
Word Origin
C19: from pyro- + Greek lousis a washing +-ite1, from its use in purifying glass
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pyrolusite
n.

"manganese dioxide," 1828, the name given in Roman times, when it was used, in a heated state, to de-colorize glass, from Greek elements pyro- "by heat, by fire" (see pyro-) + lysis "a loosening" (see lose).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for pyrolusite

common manganese mineral, manganese dioxide (MnO2), that constitutes an important ore. Always formed under highly oxidizing conditions, it forms light-gray to black, metallic, moderately heavy coatings, crusts, or fibres that are alteration products of other manganese ores (e.g., rhodochrosite); bog, lake, or shallow marine products; or deposits left by circulating waters. It is mined in Germany, Brazil, India, the United States, Cuba, Morocco, Ghana, and South Africa. Pyrolusite is used in the manufacture of steel and manganese bronze; in dry cells; and as a decolorizing agent in glass. For detailed physical properties, see oxide mineral (table)

Learn more about pyrolusite with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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