|Qatar or Katar (kæˈtɑː)|
|a state in E Arabia, occupying a peninsula in the Persian Gulf: under Persian rule until the 19th century; became a British protectorate in 1916; declared independence in 1971; exports petroleum and natural gas. Official language: Arabic. Official religion: (Sunni) Muslim. Currency: riyal. Capital: Doha. Pop: 619 000 (2004 est). Area: about 11 000 sq km (4250 sq miles)|
|Katar or Katar|
Note: Qatar was a British protectorate from 1916 to 1971.
Note: It has successfully exploited its oil reserves since 1949.