"Mr. Bickerstaff thanks Mr. quarterstaff for his kind and instructive letter dated the 26th instant" (folio).
Sometimes there were wrestling matches, and combat with sword and quarterstaff.
And from that day till he waved his quarterstaff when half over the river and shouted, Grace reigns!
So I examined billhook and quarterstaff, and at last said I knew them.
Now and then they stopped to rest, and each thought that he never had seen in all his life before such a hand at quarterstaff.
The renowned Hercules always carried a quarterstaff, and was from thence called Claviger.
And next, I saw my quarterstaff still resting against the tree where I had left it.
The English are but bunglers with a gentleman's blade, and should restrict themselves to pike and quarterstaff.
So saying, he raised his quarterstaff above his head in a threatening way.
With a spear your people would know quite as much as I should; but I fancy that, with a quarterstaff, I should astonish them.
also quarter-staff, 1540s (quarter-stroke "stroke with a quarterstaff" is attested from early 15c.), stout pole, six to eight feet long (six-and-a-half sometimes is given as the standard length), tipped with iron, formerly a weapon used by the English peasantry. From staff (n.). The quarter likely is in reference to its operation.
It was grasped by one hand in the middle, and by the other between the middle and the end. In the attack the latter hand shifted from one quarter of the staff to the other, giving the weapon a rapid circular motion, which brought the ends on the adversary at unexpected points. [Century Dictionary]