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quebracho

[key-brah-choh; Spanish ke-vrah-chaw] /keɪˈbrɑ tʃoʊ; Spanish kɛˈvrɑ tʃɔ/
noun, plural quebrachos
[key-brah-chohz; Spanish ke-vrah-chaws] /keɪˈbrɑ tʃoʊz; Spanish kɛˈvrɑ tʃɔs/ (Show IPA)
1.
any of several tropical American trees of the genus Schinopsis, having very hard wood, especially S. lorentzii, the wood and bark of which are important in tanning and dyeing.
2.
a tree, Aspidosperma quebrachoblanco, of the dogbane family, yielding a medicinal bark.
3.
the wood or bark of any of these trees.
Origin
1880-1885
1880-85; < American Spanish, variant of quiebracha, quiebra-hacha literally, (it) breaks (the) hatchet; see quebrada, hatchet
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for quebracho

quebracho

/keɪˈbrɑːtʃəʊ; Spanish keˈβratʃo/
noun (pl) -chos (-tʃəʊz; Spanish) (-tʃos)
1.
either of two anacardiaceous South American trees, Schinopsis lorentzii or S. balansae, having a tannin-rich hard wood used in tanning and dyeing
2.
an apocynaceous South American tree, Aspidosperma quebrachoblanco, whose bark yields alkaloids used in medicine and tanning
3.
the wood or bark of any of these trees
4.
any of various other South American trees having hard wood
Word Origin
C19: from American Spanish, from quiebracha, from quebrar to break (from Latin crepāre to rattle) + hacha axe (from French hache)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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