a sentence in an interrogative form, addressed to someone in order to get information in reply.
a problem for discussion or under discussion; a matter for investigation.
a matter of some uncertainty or difficulty; problem (usually followed by of ): It was simply a question of time.
a subject of dispute or controversy.
a proposal to be debated or voted on, as in a meeting or a deliberative assembly.
the procedure of putting a proposal to vote.
Politics. a problem of public policy submitted to the voters for an expression of opinion.
a controversy that is submitted to a judicial tribunal or administrative agency for decision.
the interrogation by which information is secured.
Obsolete. judicial examination or trial.
the act of asking or inquiring; interrogation; query.
inquiry into or discussion of some problem or doubtful matter.
verb (used with object)
to ask (someone) a question; ask questions of; interrogate.
to ask or inquire.
to make a question of; doubt: He questioned her sincerity.
to challenge or dispute: She questioned the judge's authority in the case.
verb (used without object)
to ask a question or questions.
beg the question. beg ( def 9 ).
beyond question, beyond dispute; without doubt: It was, beyond question, a magnificent performance. Also, beyond all question.
call in/into question,
to dispute; challenge.
to cast doubt upon; question: This report calls into question all previous research on the subject.
in question,
under consideration.
in dispute.
out of the question, not to be considered; unthinkable; impossible: She thought about a trip to Spain but dismissed it as out of the question.

1250–1300; (noun) Middle English questio(u)n, questiun < Anglo-French questiun, Middle French question < Latin quaestiōn- (stem of quaestiō), equivalent to quaes-, stem of quaerere to ask + -tiōn- -tion; (v.) late Middle English < Middle French questioner, derivative of the noun

questioner, noun
counterquestion, noun, verb
outquestion, verb (used with object)
prequestion, verb (used with object)
requestion, verb (used with object)
subquestion, noun

1. inquiry, query, interrogation. 11. query, examine. 12. See inquire.

1, 11. answer, reply. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
question (ˈkwɛstʃən)
1.  a form of words addressed to a person in order to elicit information or evoke a response; interrogative sentence
2.  a point at issue: it's only a question of time until she dies; the question is how long they can keep up the pressure
3.  a difficulty or uncertainty; doubtful point: a question of money; there's no question about it
4.  a.  an act of asking
 b.  an investigation into some problem or difficulty
5.  a motion presented for debate by a deliberative body
6.  put the question to require members of a deliberative assembly to vote on a motion presented
7.  law a matter submitted to a court or other tribunal for judicial or quasi-judicial decision
8.  question of fact (in English law) that part of the issue before a court that is decided by the jury
9.  question of law (in English law) that part of the issue before a court that is decided by the judge
10.  beg the question
 a.  to avoid giving a direct answer by posing another question
 b.  See petitio principii to assume the truth of that which is intended to be proved
11.  beyond (all) question beyond (any) dispute or doubt
12.  call in, into question
 a.  to make (something) the subject of disagreement
 b.  to cast doubt upon the validity, truth, etc, of (something)
13.  in question under discussion: this is the man in question
14.  out of the question beyond consideration; unthinkable or impossible: the marriage is out of the question
15.  informal pop the question to propose marriage
16.  to put a question or questions to (a person); interrogate
17.  to make (something) the subject of dispute or disagreement
18.  to express uncertainty about the validity, truth, etc, of (something); doubt
[C13: via Old French from Latin quaestiō, from quaerere to seek]
usage  The question whether should be used rather than the question of whether or the question as to whether: this leaves open the question whether he acted correctly

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, from Anglo-Fr. questiun, O.Fr. question "legal inquest," from L. quæstionem (nom. quæstio) "a seeking, inquiry," from root of quærere (pp. quæsitus) "ask, seek" (see query). The verb is first recorded 1470, from O.Fr. questionner (13c.). Question
mark is from 1869, earlier question stop (1862). Depreciatory sense of questionable is attested from 1806.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
There is an easy answer to this question, and it involves some good news and
  some bad news.
Then there was an awkward silence as though they were waiting for me to answer
  another question.
Myths come into existence to answer a question or to serve a purpose, and one
  may wonder what purpose was served by this myth.
The remaining question is purely hypothetical, and perhaps it would be politic
  to refuse to answer it.
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