quince

[kwins]
noun
1.
either of two small trees, Cydonia oblonga or C. sinensis, of the rose family, bearing hard, fragrant, yellowish fruit used chiefly for making jelly or preserves.
2.
the fruit of such a tree.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English quince, apparently orig. plural (taken as singular) of quyne, coyn < Middle French cooin < Latin cotōneum, akin to cydōnium < Greek (mêlon) Kydṓnion quince, literally, (apple) of Cydonia

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World English Dictionary
quince (kwɪns)
 
n
1.  a small widely cultivated Asian rosaceous tree, Cydonia oblonga, with pinkish-white flowers and edible pear-shaped fruits
2.  the acid-tasting fruit of this tree, much used in preserves
3.  another name for japonica Also: Japanese or flowering quince
 
[C14 qwince plural of quyn quince, from Old French coin, from Latin cotōneum, from Greek kudōnion quince, Cydonian (apple)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

quince
early 14c., plural of quoyn, from O.Fr. cooin, from L. cotoneum malum "quince fruit," probably a variant of cydonium malum, from Gk. kydonion malon "apple of Kydonia" (modern Khania), ancient seaport city in Crete. The plant is native to Persia, Anatolia, and Greece; the Greeks imported grafts for their
native plants from a superior strain in Crete, hence the name. Kodu- was also the Lydian name for the fruit.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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