noun Mathematics.
the result of division; the number of times one quantity is contained in another.

1400–50; late Middle English quocient, quociens < Latin quotiēns (adv.) how many times

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World English Dictionary
quotient (ˈkwəʊʃənt)
1.  a.  the result of the division of one number or quantity by another
 b.  the integral part of the result of division
2.  a ratio of two numbers or quantities to be divided
[C15: from Latin quotiens how often]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

c.1430, from L. quotiens "how many times," from quot "how many," related to quis "who." The Latin adverb quotiens was mistaken in M.E. for a present participle in -ens.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

quotient quo·tient (kwō'shənt)
The number obtained by dividing one quantity by another.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
quotient   (kwō'shənt)  Pronunciation Key 
The number that results when one number is divided by another. If 6 is divided by 3, the quotient can be represented as 2, or as 6 ÷ 3, or as the fraction 6/3 .
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Computing Dictionary

quotient definition

The number obtained by dividing one number (the "numerator") by another (the "denominator"). If both numbers are rational then the result will also be rational.

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
The book's large format and empty-feeling spreads enhance the creepiness
Tests showed that the boy had an intelligence quotient of 185.
His prose is clear and has a refreshingly low psychobabble quotient, and the
  tone is upbeat.
The flash quotient was about a 3 on a scale of 1 to 10.
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