radicand

[rad-i-kand, rad-i-kand]
noun Mathematics.
the quantity under a radical sign.

Origin:
1895–1900; < Latin rādīcandum, neuter gerundive of rādīcāre, derivative of rādīx root1

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World English Dictionary
radicand (ˈrædɪˌkænd, ˌrædɪˈkænd)
 
n
a number or quantity from which a root is to be extracted, usually preceded by a radical sign: 3 is the radicand of √3
 
[C20: from Latin rādīcandum, literally: that which is to be rooted, from rādīcāre to take root, from rādīx root]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
radicand   (rād'ĭ-kānd')  Pronunciation Key 
The number or expression that is written under a radical sign, such as the 3 in √3.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
The number, variable, or algebraic expression under the radical sign is called the radicand.
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