raisin

[rey-zin]
noun
1.
a grape of any of various sweet varieties dried in the sun or by artificial means, often used in cookery.
2.
dark purplish blue.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English raisin, reisin < Old French < Vulgar Latin *racīmus, for Latin racēmus raceme

raisiny, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
raisin (ˈreɪzən)
 
n
a dried grape
 
[C13: from Old French: grape, ultimately from Latin racēmus cluster of grapes; compare Greek rhax berry, grape]
 
'raisiny
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

raisin
c.1300, from Anglo-Fr. raycin (1278), O.Fr. raisin "grape, raisin," from V.L. *racimus, alteration of L. racemus "cluster of grapes or berries," probably from the same ancient lost Mediterranean language as Gk. rhax (gen. rhagos) "grape, berry."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

raisin

dried fruit of certain varieties of grape. Raisin grapes were grown as early as 2000 BC in Persia and Egypt, and dried grapes are mentioned in the Bible (Numbers 6:3) during the time of Moses. David (Israel's future king) was presented with "a hundred clusters of raisins" (1 Samuel 25:18), probably sometime during the period 1110-1070 BC. Early Greeks and Romans adorned places of worship with raisins, and they were awarded as prizes in sporting events. Until the 20th century the chief raisin producers were Turkey, Iran, and Greece; by mid-century the United States had taken the lead in production, with Australia ranking second. The U.S. raisin industry is located entirely in California, where the first raisin grapes were planted in 1851.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
While some truffles can be smaller than a raisin, others can be enormous-and a windfall for their finders.
Go old school with rum raisin and frozen pudding, or be au courant with ginger or strawberry cheesecake.
Nor does this raisin- and citrus-flecked bread claim a spiritual tie-in.
The raisin industry is dynamic and the marketing order's regulations must often be changed to meet the needs of the industry.
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