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raisin

[rey-zin] /ˈreɪ zɪn/
noun
1.
a grape of any of various sweet varieties dried in the sun or by artificial means, often used in cookery.
2.
dark purplish blue.
Origin of raisin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English raisin, reisin < Old French < Vulgar Latin *racīmus, for Latin racēmus raceme
Related forms
raisiny, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for raisin

raisin

/ˈreɪzən/
noun
1.
a dried grape
Derived Forms
raisiny, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French: grape, ultimately from Latin racēmus cluster of grapes; compare Greek rhax berry, grape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for raisin
n.

"dried sweet grape," c.1300, from Anglo-French raycin (late 13c.), Old French raisin "grape; raisin," from Vulgar Latin *racimus, alteration of Latin racemus "cluster of grapes or berries" (also source of Spanish racimo, Italian racemo), probably from the same ancient lost Mediterranean language that gave Greek rhax (genitive rhagos) "grape, berry." Dutch razun also is from French; German Rosine is from an Old French variant form.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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