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rape1

[reyp] /reɪp/
noun
1.
the unlawful compelling of a person through physical force or duress to have sexual intercourse.
2.
any act of sexual intercourse that is forced upon a person.
4.
an act of plunder, violent seizure, or abuse; despoliation; violation:
the rape of the countryside.
5.
Archaic. the act of seizing and carrying off by force.
verb (used with object), raped, raping.
6.
to force to have sexual intercourse.
7.
to plunder (a place); despoil.
8.
to seize, take, or carry off by force.
verb (used without object), raped, raping.
9.
to commit rape.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; (v.) Middle English rapen < Anglo-French raper < Latin rapere to seize, carry off by force, plunder; (noun) Middle English < Anglo-French ra(a)p(e), derivative of raper
Related forms
rapable, rapeable, adjective
rapist, raper, noun
unraped, adjective

rape2

[reyp] /reɪp/
noun
1.
a plant, Brassica napus, of the mustard family, whose leaves are used for food for hogs, sheep, etc., and whose seeds yield rape oil.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin rāpum (neuter), rāpa (feminine) turnip; cognate with Greek rhápys

rape3

[reyp] /reɪp/
noun
1.
the residue of grapes, after the juice has been extracted, used as a filter in making vinegar.
Origin
1590-1600; < French râpe < Germanic; compare Old High German raspōn to scrape
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for rape

rape1

/reɪp/
noun
1.
the offence of forcing a person, esp a woman, to submit to sexual intercourse against that person's will See also statutory rape
2.
the act of despoiling a country in warfare; rapine
3.
any violation or abuse: the rape of justice
4.
(archaic) abduction: the rape of the Sabine women
verb (mainly transitive)
5.
to commit rape upon (a person)
6.
(also intransitive) to plunder or despoil (a place) in war
7.
(archaic) to carry off by force; abduct
Word Origin
C14: from Latin rapere to seize

rape2

/reɪp/
noun
1.
a Eurasian plant, Brassica napus, that has bright yellow flowers and is cultivated for its seeds, which yield a useful oil, and as a fodder plant: family Brassicaceae (crucifers) Also called colza, cole
Word Origin
C14: from Latin rāpum turnip

rape3

/reɪp/
noun
1.
(often pl) the skins and stalks of grapes left after wine-making: used in making vinegar
Word Origin
C17: from French râpe, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German raspōn to scrape together
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for rape
v.

late 14c., "seize prey; abduct, take by force," from rape (n.) and from Anglo-French raper (Old French rapir) "to seize, abduct," a legal term, probably from past participle of Latin rapere "seize, carry off by force, abduct" (see rapid).

Latin rapere was used for "sexually violate," but only very rarely; the usual Latin word being stuprare "to defile, ravish, violate," related to stuprum (n.), literally "disgrace." Meaning "to abduct (a woman), ravish;" also "seduce (a man)" is from early 15c. in English. Related: Raped; raping. Uncertain connection to Low German and Dutch rapen in the same sense.

n.

early 14c., "booty, prey;" mid-14c., "forceful seizure; plundering, robbery, extortion," from Anglo-French rap, rape, and directly from Latin rapere "seize" (see rape (v.)). Meaning "act of abducting a woman or sexually violating her or both" is from early 15c., but perhaps late 13c. in Anglo-Latin.

kind of cruciferous plant (Brassica napus), late 14c., from Old French rape, from Latin rapa, rapum "turnip," from PIE *rap- (cf. Greek hrapys "rape," Old Church Slavonic repa, Lithuanian rope, Middle Dutch roeve, Old High German ruoba, German Rübe "rape, turnip"). Usually grown to feed sheep, an oil made from it is used in cooking (see canola).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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rape in Medicine

rape (rāp)
n.
The crime of forcing another person to submit to sex acts, especially sexual intercourse. v. raped, rap·ing, rapes
To commit rape on.


rap'ist n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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