a small sword, especially of the 18th century, having a narrow blade and used for thrusting.
a longer, heavier sword, especially of the 16th and 17th centuries, having a double-edged blade and used for slashing and thrusting.

1545–55; < Middle French (espee) rapiere literally, rasping (sword); see rape3

rapiered, adjective
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World English Dictionary
rapier (ˈreɪpɪə)
1.  a long narrow two-edged sword with a guarded hilt, used as a thrusting weapon, popular in the 16th and 17th centuries
2.  a smaller single-edged 18th-century sword, used principally in France
[C16: from Old French espee rapiere, literally: rasping sword; see rasp1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1553, from M.Fr. rapière, from O.Fr. espee rapiere "long, pointed two-edged sword" (1474), in which the adj. is of uncertain origin, perhaps from derisive use of raspiere "poker, scraper."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
We must not suppose that the rapier fight of the sixteenth century resembled modern fencing.
Rapier wit, flowing golden locks, she's the complete package.
He was a generous philanthropist and both he and his rapier wit will be missed by all who knew and loved him.
Each one took something from the heap-one a morion, another a rapier, a third a cross-hilted dagger.
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