[rap-rohsh-mahn; French ra-prawsh-mahn]
an establishment or reestablishment of harmonious relations: a rapprochement reached between warring factions.

1800–10; < French, equivalent to rapproche(r) to bring near, bring together (r(e)- re- + approcher; see approach) + -ment -ment

reconciliation, understanding, accommodation.
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World English Dictionary
rapprochement (raprɔʃmɑ̃)
a resumption of friendly relations, esp between two countries
[C19: literally: bringing closer]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1809, from Fr. rapprochement "reunion, reconciliation," from rapprocher "bring near," from O.Fr. re- "back, again" + aprochier (see approach).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
rapprochement [(rap-rohsh-mahnn, rah-prawsh-mahnn)]

A closer approach of two groups to each other. Rapprochement, a French term, is often applied to two nations, especially ones that become reconciled after relations between them have worsened.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
But the seemingly whirlwind rapprochement they are conducting is neither so
  sudden nor so straightforward.
History wars, still far from resolved, point to the limits of rapprochement.
He doesn't expect a rapprochement between the two worldviews.
But some sort of rapprochement seems to be under way.
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