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rauwolfia

[raw-woo l-fee-uh, rou-] /rɔˈwʊl fi ə, raʊ-/
noun
1.
any tropical tree or shrub of the genus Rauwolfia, as R. serpentina, of India.
2.
an extract from the roots of the rauwolfia, R. serpentina, containing alkaloids the most important of which is reserpine: used in medicine chiefly for the treatment of hypertension and as a sedative.
Origin
1745-1755
1745-55; < Neo-Latin, named after L. Rauwolf, 16th-century German botanist; see -ia
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for rauwolfia
  • rauwolfia: botany, pharmacognosy, chemistry and pharmacology.
British Dictionary definitions for rauwolfia

rauwolfia

/rɔːˈwʊlfɪə; raʊ-/
noun
1.
any tropical tree or shrub of the apocynaceous genus Rauwolfia, esp R. serpentina of SE Asia
2.
the powdered root of R. serpentina: a source of various drugs, esp reserpine
Word Origin
C19: New Latin, named after Leonhard Rauwolf (died 1596), German botanist
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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