raw

[raw]
adjective, rawer, rawest.
1.
uncooked, as articles of food: a raw carrot.
2.
not having undergone processes of preparing, dressing, finishing, refining, or manufacture: raw cotton.
3.
unnaturally or painfully exposed, as flesh, by removal of the skin or natural integument.
4.
painfully open, as a sore or wound.
5.
crude in quality or character; not tempered or refined by art or taste: raw humor.
6.
ignorant, inexperienced, or untrained: a raw recruit.
7.
brutally or grossly frank: a raw portrayal of human passions.
8.
brutally harsh or unfair: a raw deal; receiving raw treatment from his friends.
9.
disagreeably damp and chilly, as the weather or air: a raw, foggy day at the beach.
10.
not diluted, as alcoholic spirits: raw whiskey.
11.
unprocessed or unevaluated: raw data.
noun
12.
a sore or irritated place, as on the flesh.
13.
unrefined sugar, oil, etc.
Idioms
14.
in the raw,
a.
in the natural, uncultivated, or unrefined state: nature in the raw.
b.
Informal. in the nude; naked: sunbathing in the raw.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English; Old English hrēaw, hrǣw; cognate with Dutch rauw, German roh; akin to Latin crūdus raw (see crude), cruor blood, Greek kréas raw flesh

rawish, adjective
rawishness, noun
rawly, adverb
rawness, noun
half-raw, adjective
semiraw, adjective
semirawly, adverb
semirawness, noun


2. unprepared, rough, makeshift. Raw, crude, rude refer to something not in a finished or highly refined state. Raw applies particularly to material not yet changed by a process, by manufacture, or by preparation for consumption: raw cotton; raw leather. Crude refers to that which still needs refining: crude petroleum. Rude refers to what is still in a condition of rough simplicity or in a makeshift or roughly made form: rude agricultural implements; the rude bridge that arched the flood. 6. undisciplined, green, unskilled, unpracticed. 9. cold, wet. 10. straight, neat.


1. cooked.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
raw (rɔː)
 
adj
1.  (of food) not cooked: raw onion
2.  (prenominal) in an unfinished, natural, or unrefined state; not treated by manufacturing or other processes: raw materials for making steel; raw brick
3.  (of an edge of material) unhemmed; liable to fray
4.  (of the skin, a wound, etc) having the surface exposed or abraded, esp painfully
5.  ignorant, inexperienced, or immature: a raw recruit
6.  (prenominal) not selected or modified: raw statistics
7.  frank or realistic: a raw picture of the breakdown of a marriage
8.  (of spirits) undiluted
9.  chiefly (US) coarse, vulgar, or obscene
10.  chiefly (US) recently done; fresh: raw paintwork
11.  (of the weather) harshly cold and damp
12.  informal unfair; unjust (esp in the phrase a raw deal)
 
n
13.  informal (Brit) the raw a sensitive point: his criticism touched me on the raw
14.  in the raw
 a.  informal without clothes; naked
 b.  in a natural or unmodified state: life in the raw
 
[Old English hreaw; related to Old High German hrao, Old Norse hrār raw, Latin cruor thick blood, Greek kreas meat]
 
'rawish
 
adj
 
'rawly
 
adv
 
'rawness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

raw
O.E. hreaw "uncooked, raw," from P.Gmc. *khrawaz (cf. O.N. hrar, M.Du. rau, O.H.G. hrawer, Ger. roh), from PIE base *krowos "congealed, bloody" (cf. Skt. kravih "raw flesh," krura- "bloody, raw, hard;" Gk. kreas "flesh;" L. crudus "not cooked," cruor "thick blood;" O.Ir. cru, Lith. kraujas, O.C.S. kruvi
"blood;" O.E. hrot "thick fluid, serum"). Meaning "tender, sore" is from c.1390; of persons, "inexperienced" from 1561; "damp and chilly" first recorded 1546. Rawhide is first attested 1658; raw material is from 1796. Phrase in the raw "naked" (1933) is from the raw "exposed flesh," attested from 1823. Raw deal "harsh treatment" first attested 1912.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

raw (rô)
adj. raw·er, raw·est

  1. Having subcutaneous tissue exposed.

  2. Inflamed; sore.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

raw

In addition to the idiom beginning with raw, also see in the altogether (raw).

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
But if you add crumbs to the raw meat, it will stay moist when safely cooked.
And purple-podded beans hold their color when sliced raw for salad but turn
  dark green when cooked.
Peel off the rough brown skin and eat the white flesh raw or cooked add to my
  plant list.
It's delicious both raw and cooked, and does best in cool weather.
Idioms & Phrases
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