verb (used with object)
to arrange in a straight line; adjust according to a line.
to bring into a line or alignment.
to bring into cooperation or agreement with a particular group, party, cause, etc.: He aligned himself with the liberals.
to adjust (two or more components of an electronic circuit) to improve the response over a frequency band, as to align the tuned circuits of a radio receiver for proper tracking throughout its frequency range, or a television receiver for appropriate wide-band responses.
verb (used without object)
to fall or come into line; be in line.
to join with others in a cause.
Also, aline.

1685–95; < French aligner, equivalent to a- a-5 + ligner < Latin līneāre, derivative of līnea line1

aligner, noun
realign, verb
self-aligning, adjective
unaligned, adjective

1, 2. straighten. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
align (əˈlaɪn)
vb (usually foll by with)
1.  to place or become placed in a line
2.  to bring (components or parts, such as the wheels of a car) into proper or desirable coordination or relation
3.  to bring (a person, country, etc) into agreement or cooperation with the policy, etc of another person or group
4.  (tr) psychol to integrate or harmonize the aims, practices, etc of a group
5.  (usually foll by with) psychol to identify with or match the behaviour, thoughts, etc of another person
[C17: from Old French aligner, from à ligne into line]

realign (ˌriːəˈlaɪn)
to change or put back to a new or former place or position

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1923, in ref. to European international relations, from re- "back, again" + align (q.v.). Realignment is recorded from 1889, in U.S. internal politics.

early 15c., "to range (things) in a line," from M.Fr. aligner, from O.Fr. alignier, from à "to" + lignier "to line," from L. lineare, from linea (see line). Trans. or reflective sense of "to fall into line" is from 1853. International political sense is attested from 1934.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The need to realign library values is especially urgent in the realm of
It takes a while to get the muscles to realign themselves.
It is time for another effort to realign the system to function more in
  shareholders' interests.
It is instead a much broader attempt to realign facts to comport with ideology.
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