recidivism

[ri-sid-uh-viz-uhm]
noun
1.
repeated or habitual relapse, as into crime.
2.
Psychiatry. the chronic tendency toward repetition of criminal or antisocial behavior patterns.

Origin:
1885–90; < Latin recidīv(us) relapsing (recid(ere) to fall back (re- re- + -cidere, combining form of cadere to fall) + -īvus -ive) + -ism

recidivist, noun, adjective
recidivistic, recidivous, adjective
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World English Dictionary
recidivism (rɪˈsɪdɪˌvɪzəm)
 
n
habitual relapse into crime
 
[C19: from Latin recidīvus falling back, from re- + cadere to fall]
 
re'cidivist
 
n, —adj
 
recidi'vistic
 
adj
 
re'cidivous
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

recidivist
1880, "relapsed criminal," from Fr. récidiviste, from récidiver "to fall back, relapse," from M.L. recidivare "to relapse into sin," from L. recidivus "falling back," from recidere "fall back," from re- "back, again" + comb. form of caedere "to fall" (see
concise). Recidivation in the spiritual sense is attested from c.1420, was very common 17c.

recidivism
1886, from recidivist + -ism.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

recidivism re·cid·i·vism (rĭ-sĭd'ə-vĭz'əm)
n.

  1. A tendency to lapse into a previous pattern of behavior, especially a pattern of criminal habits.

  2. The relapse of a disease or symptom. Also called recidivation.

recidivist re·cid·i·vist (rĭ-sĭd'ə-vĭst)
n.
A person who relapses, especially by returning to criminal behavior.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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Example sentences
Gross overcrowding has led to a sky-high recidivist rate.
There are a number of lessons to be drawn from these histories of recidivist uprisings.
Most of the recidivist smokers were puffing again within two months.
Controlled trial of acupuncture for severe recidivist alcoholism.
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