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recidivism

[ri-sid-uh-viz-uh m] /rɪˈsɪd əˌvɪz əm/
noun
1.
repeated or habitual relapse, as into crime.
2.
Psychiatry. the chronic tendency toward repetition of criminal or antisocial behavior patterns.
Origin
1885-1890
1885-90; < Latin recidīv(us) relapsing (recid(ere) to fall back (re- re- + -cidere, combining form of cadere to fall) + -īvus -ive) + -ism
Related forms
recidivist, noun, adjective
recidivistic, recidivous, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for recidivist
  • Gross overcrowding has led to a sky-high recidivist rate.
  • There are a number of lessons to be drawn from these histories of recidivist uprisings.
  • Most of the recidivist smokers were puffing again within two months.
  • Controlled trial of acupuncture for severe recidivist alcoholism.
British Dictionary definitions for recidivist

recidivism

/rɪˈsɪdɪˌvɪzəm/
noun
1.
habitual relapse into crime
Derived Forms
recidivist, noun, adjective
recidivistic, recidivous, adjective
Word Origin
C19: from Latin recidīvus falling back, from re- + cadere to fall
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for recidivist
n.

"relapsed criminal," 1863, from French récidiviste, from récidiver "to fall back, relapse," from Medieval Latin recidivare "to relapse into sin," from Latin recidivus "falling back," from recidere "fall back," from re- "back, again" (see re-) + comb. form of cadere "to fall" (see case (n.)). Recidivation in the spiritual sense is attested from early 15c., was very common 17c.

recidivism

n.

"habit of relapsing" (into crime), 1882, from recidivist + -ism, modeled on French récidivisme, from récidiver.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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recidivist in Medicine

recidivism re·cid·i·vism (rĭ-sĭd'ə-vĭz'əm)
n.

  1. A tendency to lapse into a previous pattern of behavior, especially a pattern of criminal habits.

  2. The relapse of a disease or symptom. Also called recidivation.

recidivist re·cid·i·vist (rĭ-sĭd'ə-vĭst)
n.
A person who relapses, especially by returning to criminal behavior.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for recidivist

recidivism

tendency toward chronic criminal behaviour leading to numerous arrests and re-imprisonment. Studies of the yearly intake of prisons, reformatories, and jails in the United States and Europe show that from one-half to two-thirds of those imprisoned have served previous sentences in the same or in other institutions. The conclusion is that the criminal population is made up largely of those for whom criminal behaviour has become habitual; moreover, penal institutions appear to do little to change their basic behaviour patterns

Learn more about recidivism with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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