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1550s, from Middle French récipient (16c.) and directly from Latin recipientem (nominative recipiens), present participle of recipere (see receive). As an adjective from 1610s. Related: Recipience; recipiency.
recipient re·cip·i·ent (rĭ-sĭp'ē-ənt)
Functioning as a receiver; receptive. n.
One who receives blood, tissue, or an organ from a donor.