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[ri-sip-ruh-keyt] /rɪˈsɪp rəˌkeɪt/
verb (used with object), reciprocated, reciprocating.
to give, feel, etc., in return.
to give and receive reciprocally; interchange:
to reciprocate favors.
to cause to move alternately backward and forward.
verb (used without object), reciprocated, reciprocating.
to make a return, as for something given.
to make interchange.
to be correspondent.
to move alternately backward and forward.
Origin of reciprocate
1605-15; < Latin reciprocātus past participle of reciprocāre to move back and forth. See reciprocal, -ate1
Related forms
reciprocative, reciprocatory
[ri-sip-ruh-kuh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /rɪˈsɪp rə kəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
reciprocator, noun
nonreciprocating, adjective
unreciprocated, adjective
unreciprocating, adjective
1. return, respond, retaliate. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for reciprocate
  • The single spray of citrus nearly doubled their tendency to reciprocate.
  • Stepfathers often reciprocate in kind, creating a vicious circle of resentment and recrimination.
  • The first involves those who frequently ask for help but never reciprocate.
  • Taken in an effort to reciprocate or get revenge as a result of comments made.
  • Establishing strong relationships requires that program staff initiate and reciprocate.
  • Casing centralization and whether to rotate or reciprocate the casing during cement placement should be evaluated.
  • Some studies suggest, however, that evolutionary processes reciprocate by influencing ecology.
  • Tips for chairpersons include keeping members informed about problems and insisting they reciprocate.
  • After one year they may reciprocate regardless of internship.
  • Accordingly, it is strongly recommended that if a seller pays for an activity that the buyer reciprocate.
British Dictionary definitions for reciprocate


to give or feel in return
to move or cause to move backwards and forwards
(intransitive) to be correspondent or equivalent
Derived Forms
reciprocation, noun
reciprocative, reciprocatory, adjective
reciprocator, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin reciprocāre, from reciprocusreciprocal
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for reciprocate

"to return, requite," 1610s, back-formation from reciprocation, or else from Latin reciprocatus, past participle of reciprocare "rise and fall, move back and forth; reverse the motion of," from reciprocus (see reciprocal). Related: Reciprocated; reciprocating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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