recognition

[rek-uhg-nish-uhn]
noun
1.
an act of recognizing or the state of being recognized.
2.
the identification of something as having been previously seen, heard, known, etc.
3.
the perception of something as existing or true; realization.
4.
the acknowledgment of something as valid or as entitled to consideration: the recognition of a claim.
5.
the acknowledgment of achievement, service, merit, etc.
6.
the expression of this in the form of some token of appreciation: This promotion constitutes our recognition of her exceptional ability.
7.
formal acknowledgment conveying approval or sanction.
8.
acknowledgment of right to be heard or given attention: The chairman refused recognition to any delegate until order could be restored.
9.
International Law. an official act by which one state acknowledges the existence of another state or government, or of belligerency or insurgency.
10.
the automated conversion of information, as words or images, into a form that can be processed by a machine, especially a computer or computerized device. Compare optical character recognition, pattern recognition.
11.
Biochemistry. the responsiveness of one substance to another based on the reciprocal fit of a portion of their molecular shapes.

Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English recognicion (< Old French) < Latin recognitiōn- (stem of recognitiō), equivalent to recognit(us) (past participle of recognōscere; see recognize) + -iōn- -ion

recognitional, adjective
recognitive [ri-kog-ni-tiv] , recognitory [ri-kog-ni-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] , adjective
prerecognition, noun
unrecognitory, adjective


5. notice, acceptance.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
recognition (ˌrɛkəɡˈnɪʃən)
 
n
1.  the act of recognizing or fact of being recognized
2.  acceptance or acknowledgment of a claim, duty, fact, truth, etc
3.  a token of thanks or acknowledgment
4.  formal acknowledgment of a government or of the independence of a country
5.  chiefly (US), (Canadian) an instance of a chairman granting a person the right to speak in a deliberative body, debate, etc
 
[C15: from Latin recognitiō, from recognoscere to know again, from re- + cognoscere to know, ascertain]
 
recognitive
 
adj
 
re'cognitory
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

recognition
1473, from L. recognitionem (nom. recognitio) "act of recognizing," from recognit-, pp. stem of recognoscere "to acknowledge, know again, examine" (see recognize).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

recognition rec·og·ni·tion (rěk'əg-nĭsh'ən)
n.

  1. An awareness that something perceived has been perceived before.

  2. The ability of one molecule to attach itself to another molecule having a complementary shape, as in enzyme-substrate interactions.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

recognition definition


In diplomacy, the act by which one nation acknowledges that a foreign government is a legitimate government and exchanges diplomats with it. The withholding of recognition is a way for one government to show its disapproval of another.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
It was determined the crows actually had facial-recognition abilities.
Many speech-recognition services store customers' information and greet them by name when they call.
In the hands of court poets or polite romancers the original stories were, of
  course, often disguised beyond easy recognition.
Among the latter those which subserve the self-preservation of the individual
  had the first claim for recognition.
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